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《Guihaia》 1983-04
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ON THE DISTRIBUTION OF ACTINIDIAS

Liang Chou-fen ( Guangxi Institute of Botany )  
After the compilation of Actinidiaceae of the Flora of China, the author already got a recognition of the genus Actinidia and held a lot of material of its distribution. Now the author is going to try to polish and making an analysis on the material of distribution of 53 species, 56 varieties and 15 forms of this genus of the Flora of China and of neighbouring countries.1.According to the accounting unit of provinces, Yunnan (37) and Guangxi ( 33 ) possess the largest number of total taxa of species, as well as varieties and forms, the rest in sequence are Hunan (28 ), Sichuan(24), Guizhou(21), Jiangxi ( 21 ) , Zhejiang ( 20 ) , Guangdong (20), Hubei ( 19 ) and Fujian ( 18 ) . The largest number of endemic taxa also to Yunnan (16) and Guangxi ( 11 ) . There are no taxa present in Qing-hai, Ningxia, Xinjiang and Neimeng. In the neighbouring countries ( regions ) , Korea Peninsula and Japan are with the greater number of taxa, 4 to each.2.The distribution of this genus from equator in south , northward to fifty degrees in north latitude, from Yaluzangbujiang River valley in the west, eastward to Japan Islands. But the distribution centre of Actinidia is in the region south from Qinling Range and east from Hengduan Range. The distributive form of the genus Actinidia, which is somewhere scattered and somewhere crowded, seems the representative of the characteristic of Chinese Flora in high level.3.Each of the four sections of Actinidia is holding certain characters differ from one another. The section Leiocarpae is a group of temperate model which possess the character of the flora of Eastern Asia. The section Stellatae is a group of subtropic model which connecting the flora of South-eastern Asia. The section Maculatae and Strigosae are situating between the two sections mentioned above and more or less bearing the char - acters of continental taxa.4.The Actinidias are goiog on more to form a rigorous developing belt in the distribution centre, that is a girdle like belt of 5 latitude degrees in wide between the Changjiang River and Zhujiang River. Each section of the four is holding a developing centre in that belt. The section Leioc-arpae situates to the east, about the area of Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Anhui Provinces. The section Maculatae and Strigosae all to the west, about the area of Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau including the western mountainous part of Guangxi, The section Stellatae to the south ? mainly the Guangdong, Guangxi and south-eastern part of Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau.5.There are often the taxa with biger distribution area, they are the older taxa, and are often the most influential ones in the larger group. Oppositely, the taxa with smaller distribution area often are the lately developed ones and they are lack of potential influence in phylogeny of the larger group. This law had been reflected very obviously in the developing process of the genus Actinidia.
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