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STUDIES ON BIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND NUTRIENTS OF FRUIT IN THREE-LEAF AKEBIA

Li Jingguang (Dept. of Hort., Beijing Agricultural College, Beijing 102208)Li Jiarui (Dept. of Hort., Northwestern Agricultural University, Yangling 712100)  
This paper reports biological characteristics and nutrients in fruit of wild Three-leaf Akebia (Akebia trifotiata Koidz.) in Shaanxi province. The percentage of fertile fruit is low. Heavy fruit-falling occurres in late May. Fruiting is mainly in spur. Fruit shows a double signoid growth curve from blossom falling to maturity in length 'and width. Developed trophosperm is edible. Mature fruit is rich in minerals. The main sugar is levulose, the main organic acid is milk acid; the amino acids decomposed from protein are glutamic acid, aspartic acid, lysin and ieucine; the fatty acids from fat are oleic acid and linoleic acid. Seed fatty acid is mainly oleic acid. The percentage of esculent part of fruit is low.
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