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《Plateau Meteorology》 1985-01
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GENERAL FORMS OF DYNAMIC EQUATIONS FOR ATMOSPHERE IN GRID NUMERICAL MODELS WITH TOPOGRAPHY( Dynamic Equation Forms for Atmosphere )

Qian Yongfu Zhong zhong (Lanzhou Institute of Plateau Atmospheric Physics, Academia Sinica)  
The atmospheric dynamic equations have been transformed from the z-coordinate system into a generalized verticcl coordinate system by using a so-called DDD transformation method.Then the generalized system is assumed being pressure, sigma or incorporated pressure-sigma coordinate system and corresponding equations are obtained with the second-order accuracy.It is pointed out that the usual equations are only of the first-order accuracy when their space-differential terms are approximated by central finite differences.Therefore the usual forms of the equations may result in quite large errors on steep slopes of mountains included in a model.
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