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《Plateau Meteorology》 1987-01
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THE ELECTRIC FIELD PRODUCED BY THE LOWER POSITIVE CHARGE CENTER OF THUNDERCLOUD

Wang Caiwei, Chen Qian, Liu Xinsheng, Guo Changming and Ge Zhengmo ( Lanzhou Institute of Plateau Atmospheric Physics, Academia Sinica )  
Some characteristics of the ground electric field, precipitation, corona current and lightning flash are described when a thunder cloud was overhead in Dongxiang,Gansu Province in the summer of 1985. Observation and analysis show that the high and persistent positive electric field on the ground is due to the positive charge region in the lower portion of the clouds,while the fast transitions of the electric field from negative to positive and positive to negative are mainly the consequence of the positively charged raindrops falling from the cloud base. The heavy rain and the frequent lightning flashes during the positive electric field on the surface suggest that there is a powerful and precipitation-associated mechanism of electrification in thunderclouds, which makes raindrops charged positively and the lower positive charge center persist long. The life time, the dimensions and the formation cause of the lower positive charge center of the thundercloud we observed are quite different from that reported by Holden et al. ( 1980 ) and Marshall et al. ( 1982 ) .
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