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《PLATEAU METEOROLOGY》 1999-04
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THE ROLE OF INDIAN SUMMER MONSOON WATER VAPOR TRANSPORTATION ON THE SUMMER RAINFALL ANOMALIES IN THE NORTHERN PART OF CHINA DURING THE EL NINO MATURE PHASE

ZHANG Ren he (Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080)  
The analyses of the summer rainfall data of 160 stations in China for the period from 1951 to 1994 reveal that there are significant negative rainfall anomalies in the northern part of China in the period of the El Nio mature phase. In order to explain the cause of such negative precipitation anomalies, the role of the water vapor transportation of the Indian summer monsoon in that of the East Asian summer monsoon is discussed by using the NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data for the period from 1949 to 1996. The results show that the water vapor transportation of the Indian summer monsoon is significantly correlated with that over the northern part of China in summer. A weak Indian summer monsoon usually corresponds to a El Nio event. During the El Nio mature phase, the weak water vapor transportation associated with the weak Indian summer monsoon transports less water vapor to the region over the northern part of China and the significant negative precipitable water appears there, which lead to the negative precipitation in summer in the northern part of China.
【Fund】: 中国科学院“九·五”重大应用基础研究项目;;中国科学院重点项目
【CateGory Index】: P425.42
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