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《Plateau Meteorology》 2003-03
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Observation on the Summer Lightning Discharge in the Northeastern Verge of Qinghai-Xizang Plateau

QIE Xiu\|shu,\ ZHANG Guang\|shu,\ KONG Xiang\|zhen,\ ZHANG Yi\|jun, WANG Huai\|bin,\ ZHOU Yun\|jun,\ ZHANG Tong,\ WANG Su\|ju (Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China) \ \  
In the summer of 2002, a comprehensive observation on natural lightningdischarges was conducted in the northeasternverge of Qinghai\|XizangPlateau. The average altitude on the observation area is about 2650 m. During the experiment, field mill, fast and slow antenna systems were employed in 6 sites synchronized by GPS with 0.4 μs time resolution. Meanwhile, high speed video camera with 1 ms resolution was used in the observation.The preliminary study shows that the polarity of electric field underneath thunderstorm could be positive or negative with positive is more often, indicating the complexityof the thunderstorm charge structure in this area. The lightning discharge shows some special characteristics with corresponding to the complex of charge structure andspecial topography. The stepped leader usually develops downward to ground with multi\|branches with a 2\|D velocity of about 0.8~1.2×105m·s\+\{-1\}. Because of the multi\|branches of the stepped leader, more than one striking point on the ground was often observed as a result. Long intracloud (IC) discharges will occurnot onlyjust before the ground discharge but also after the ground discharge. The pictures from high videocamera confirmed the bi\|level structure of IC discharge, as observed by interferometerand TOA observation.The IC discharge initiates excitation between upper negative charge region and lower positive charge region, and developed downward and upward to the lower positive and upper negative region, respectively. After the main vertical channel setup, the discharge developshorizontally in the lower positive charge region with more branches. In the final stage, the discharge in the upper channel developshorizontally in the negative charge region.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX2 201);; 国家自然科学基金"十五"重点项目(40135010)资助
【CateGory Index】: P427.3
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