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《Plateau Meteorology》 2003-03
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Spectral Properties of the Lightning Return Stroke

YUAN Ping1, 2,\ LIU Xin\|sheng 1,\ ZHANG Yi\|jun 1,\ ZHANG Cui\|hua\+1,\ QIE Xiu\|shu1 (1. Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China; 2. College of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China) \ \  
The spectra in 390~660 nm regions from the first return strokes between cloud and ground have been obtained by a slit\|less spectrograph. Appling the atomic structure theory to the research work on lightning spectra, wavelength, oscillator strengths and excited energy of upper levels have been calculated for the transitions of NII ions related to lightning discharges. Large\|scale multi\|configuration Dirac\|Fock wave functions are applied to include the most important effects of relativity, correlation, and relaxation within the same (computational) model. Comparing with the calculated results of experimental spectra show that, during return stroke, the corresponding upper excited energies for most lines are around 23ev. NII is the most abundant ion among the channel plasma, and mainly in excited state of \%n\%=3.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(49975003 40135010);; 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX2 201);; 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所创新项目(210037)资助
【CateGory Index】: P427.3
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