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《Plateau Meteorology》 2008-06
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Soil Moisture over the West of Northwest China and Its Response to Climate

WANG Lei1,WEN Jun1,WEI Zhi-gang1,HU Ze-yong1,ZHAO Yi-zhou2,WEI Rong-qing3(1.Laboratory for Climate Environment and Disasters of Western China,Cold and Arid Regions Environmental andEngineering Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou 730000,China;2.Xinjiang Climate Center,rümqi 830002,China;3.Xinjiang Meteorological Observatory,rümqi 830002,China)  
The characteristics of gravimetric soilmoisture vertical distribution,temporalvariation and its responseto the local climate changeover the west of Northwest China are analyzed.The results indicate that:(1) Monthly variation ofsoil moisture couldbe categorized into steady-going typeand fluctuant type.The depth-time plotsof soil moisture anomalies,signs of the moisture anomalies tested at most of stations arevertically consistent,signs arethe reverse of the upper and lower layersintwo stations.Yining,Wulanwusu and Nuomuhong stations reveal highvertical gradientsof soil moisture variation,whereashigh vertical gradientsare found in Tulufan stations.(2) Soil has been getting dry at most stations since 1990′s,abrupt changes are found in two stations,Tulufan,Wulanwusu.The soil-drying trendis mainly controlledby air temperature.The main reason is that a negativefeedback mechanismexists between soilmoisture and air temperature.(3) There is response between soil moisture and climate.Negative correlationexists generally between soil moisture and temperature.A little of response is found between soil moisture and precipitation.
【Fund】: 中国科学院创新项目(KZCX3-SW-229)资助
【CateGory Index】: P461.4
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