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《Plateau Meteorology》 2009-05
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Two Types of Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly Related to Persistent Drought Events in Guangdong Province

LIN Ai-lan,ZHENG Bin,GU De-jun,LI Chun-hui,LIANG Jian-yin(Institute of Tropical and Marine Meteorology of Guangzhou/Key Open Laboratory for Tropical Monsoon,China Meteorological Administration,Guangzhou 510080,China)  
Relationships between spanning-seasonal persistent drought events in Guangdong Province and external forcing of sea surface temperature(SST) are diagnosed,and the mechanisms for the relationships are discussed using the 45-year(1961-2005) observational data of precipitation in Guangdong Province,ERSST global sea surface temperature(SST) and NCEP/NCAR atmospheric variables.The results show that there are two types of SST anomaly related to persistent drought events in Guangdong which are negative SST anomaly in equatorial eastern Pacific(namely La Nin~a pattern) and positive SST anomaly in equatorial mid-Pacific(namely non-La Nin~a pattern).The persistent drought events in Guangdong basically remained with La Nin~a pattern before the anaphase of 1970′s decade.And after the anaphase of 1970′s decade,besides the La Nin~a pattern,the probability of positive SST anomaly in pattern persistent drought events of equatorial mid-Pacific obviously increased.It is shown that the causes of persistent drought events in Guangdong are more complex under the background of global climate warming.The frequent occurrence of persistent drought events in Guangdong in the recent years of 21 centuries is related to the increasing of the probability of non-La Nin~a pattern.Both of La Nin~a and positive SST anomaly in equatorial mid-Pacific link with the persistent drought events in Guangdong dynamically.The physical processes of different types of SST anomaly impacting drought events in Guangdong are different from each other.So are the physical processes in different seasons even though for the same type of SST anomalies.However,all the processes change and weaken ultimately the dynamical conditions and water vapour required by raining,and then result in the local drought consequently.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(40675055);; 广东省科技计划项目(2005B32601007);; 广东省自然科学基金项目(06020745)共同资助
【CateGory Index】: P461.2
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