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《Plateau Meteorology》 2013-03
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Preliminary Analyses on Some Characteristics of Flashes in Northeastern Qinghai-Xizang Plateau

ZHANG Rong1-2,ZHANG Guang-shu1,WANG Yan-hui1,LI Ya-jun1, WU Bin1,YU Hai1-2,LIU Yan-xiu1-2(1.Key Laboratory of Land Surface Process and Climate Change in Cold and Arid Regions,Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou 730000,China; 2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China)  
Some characteristics of lightning flashes in northeastern Qinghai-Xizang Plateau were analyzed using the three-dimensional lightning locating system,fast and slow antennas.It is found that the duration of flashes is not long,averagely less than 0.5 s.Both the positive and negative cloud-to-ground flashes have long duration of intracloud discharge process before the first return stroke,and it is slightly longer for positive cloud-to-ground flashes.The average number of strokes per negative cloud-to-ground flash is 2.5,and 40% of the negative cloud-to-ground flashes are single-stroke flashes,while all the positive cloud-to-ground flashes are single-stroke flashes.The average starting height of intracloud flashes is higher than the negative cloud-to-ground flashes,and that of the positive cloud-to-ground flashes is lower than the negative cloud-to-ground flashes.Meanwhile,the average number of radiation sources generated by intracloud flashes is the largest,followed by negative cloud-to-ground flashes,and that of positive cloud-to-ground flashes is the smallest.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(41075002 40775004);国家自然科学基金重点项目(41030960)共同资助;; 公益性行业科研专项(GYHY201006005-03)
【CateGory Index】: P427.32
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