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《Plateau Meteorology》 2015-06
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Characteristics of China Climate States Change and Its Impact on the Analysis of Climate Change

LIN Jingjing;ZHANG Qiang;(Open) Laboratory of Arid Climatic Change and Reducing Disaster of Gansu Province , Key Open Laboratory of Arid Climatic Change and Reducing Disaster of China Meteorological Administration , Institute of Arid Meteorology,China Meteorological Administration;Northwest Regional Climate Center;College of Atmospheric Sciences,Lanzhou University;Meteorology Bureau of Gansu;  
Based on the yearly surface air temperature and yearly precipitation of nearly 2000 meteorological stations over China from 1961 to 2012,compared the differences between the climate state and the climate standard state for the periods of 1971-2000 and 1981-2010. And used the standard of temperature grades and precipitation grades,and the definition of extreme events,the quantitative analysis of temperature and precipitation characteristics under different climate states for are investigated. The results indicate that:( 1) The comparisons between climate state and climate standard state for the periods of 1971-2000 and 1981-2010 are respectively slightly higher and lower,which are likely to influence the climate analysis and evaluation;( 2) Under the different climate states,the frequency of abnormal cold temperature grade increase,but the abnormal heat temperature are different;( 3) Analyzed the frequency of extreme high value for the same elements in the same period,they are diametrically opposite under the different climate climates. But the frequency of the extreme lowvalue are the consistent increase,especially the climate state of 1981-2010.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)(2013CB430206-6);; 公益性行业(气象)科研专项(GYHY201306027);; 2015年甘肃省气象局气象科学技术研究项目(2015-11)
【CateGory Index】: P467
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