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《PLATEAU METEOROLOGY》 1998-03
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THE INFLUENCE OF THE NW CHINA AFFORESTATION ON REGIONAL CLIMATE IN EAST AND SOUTH ASIA

FAN Guang-zhou L Shi-hua LUO Si-wei (Lanzhou Institute of Plateau Atmospheric Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000)  
The drought in NW China is one of the main problems of climate disaster of China and global change. A GCM-SSiB model is used to do a sensitivity experiment in this paper.We find that after the afforestation, the annual mean ground surface temprature is higher and the annual mean sea level pressure is lower in East and South Asia. The precipitation is increased in China and the Indochina peninsula decreased in the Indian peninsula. The temprature rise centre and the pressure fall centre is located in the afforesting area.The precipitation rise centre is in the middle and end valley areas of the Yangtze River and the Indochina peninsula. The ground surface heat source in NW China is obviously strengthened after the afforestation and then the winter monsoon weakens and the summer monsoon strengthens in the East and South Asia by the effect of the circulation. The main contribution to strengthen the ground surface heat source is the sensible heat, but in the tropical rainforest area on the contrary, namely the change of the ground surface heat source is mainly caused by the variation of the latent heat.
【Fund】: 中国科学院资源与生态环境研究重点项目 国家自然科学基金 中国科学院院长基金特别支持项目
【CateGory Index】: P461.7
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