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《Guangzhou Chemical Industry》 2007-06
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Studies on Synthesis of Gemini Surfactants and its Characteristics

WEI Xing-chuan,ZHENG Cheng,DENG Cui-yi,HE Lu-ming(College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering,Guangzhou University,Guangzhou 510006,China)  
Using tetramethyl trimethylene diamine and bromo dodecane gemini surfactant C12-3-C12·2 Br was syn thesized with isopropyl alcohol as the solvent.Adopting the infrared spectrum determination and the melting point determination method,the synthesized product was characterized,and the effect of different reaction time,temperature and the reactant proportion to produce was discussed.Meanwhile,the surface tension and critical micellar density were examined.The experimental result indicated that the synthesized gemini surfactant production rate increased in 12 hours with the reaction time goes on.Under this reaction condition,the temperature had little effect on the production rate.The excessive quantity of bromo dodecane was more advantageous in the response carries on,but excessive too many would not favor.Through determination the surface tension,the product critical micellar density(CMC)was 1.58 mmol/L-1.
【Fund】: 广州市教育局科技计划项目(62007);; 广东省科技计划项目(2007B010600062)资助
【CateGory Index】: TQ423
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