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《Journal of Guizhou University (Art Edition)》 2003-01
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Plum, Orchid, Bamboo and Chrysanthemum, the "Four Gentlemen" in Chinese Painting and their Cultural Connotation

Zhang Zhonghua (Fine Arts Dept. Guizhou Institute of Nationalities, Guiyang, Guizhou, 550025, China)  
Plum, orchid, bamboo and chrysanthemum are called "Four Gentlemen" in traditional Chinese painting. Owing to the descriptions and admiration by the Chinese literary intelligentsia in the past dynasties, the Four became a certain materiel and spiritual carrier of the Chinese people, which are full of popularity and nobility. In many outstanding people we can see the special characteristics of the "Four Gentlemen". They influence the evaluation and the way of survivorship. That people have certain plants personalized and considered as models is a very special phenomenon in Chinese culture.
【CateGory Index】: J205
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2 Zhao Xumin~1 Yang Hongfang~2 Mao Jing~1 Hu Huirong~1 Wang Caiyun~1 (1.College of Horticulture and Forestry Sciences,Huazhong Agricultural University,Wuhan 430070,China; 2.Landscape architecture administration bureau,Zhongshan city of Guangdong province,Zhongshan 528403,China);Aesthetic Appreciation for Chrysanthemum Culture by the Chrysanthemum Poetry in The Dream of Red Mansions[A];[C];2008
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