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《Journal of Guizhou University (Art Edition)》 2003-01
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Plum, Orchid, Bamboo and Chrysanthemum, the "Four Gentlemen" in Chinese Painting and their Cultural Connotation

Zhang Zhonghua (Fine Arts Dept. Guizhou Institute of Nationalities, Guiyang, Guizhou, 550025, China)  
Plum, orchid, bamboo and chrysanthemum are called "Four Gentlemen" in traditional Chinese painting. Owing to the descriptions and admiration by the Chinese literary intelligentsia in the past dynasties, the Four became a certain materiel and spiritual carrier of the Chinese people, which are full of popularity and nobility. In many outstanding people we can see the special characteristics of the "Four Gentlemen". They influence the evaluation and the way of survivorship. That people have certain plants personalized and considered as models is a very special phenomenon in Chinese culture.
【Key Words】: traditional Chinese painting plum orchid bamboo and chrysanthemum cultural connotation
【CateGory Index】: J205
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【References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 ZHOU Wu-zhong;A Summary of the Studies on Chinese Flower Culture[J];Chinese Landscape Architecture;2008-06
China Proceedings of conference Full-text Database 2 Hits
1 Song Yi-yan Zhou Wu-zhong (Institute of Tourism and Landscape Aarchitecture,Southeast University,Nanjing 210096,China);Plum Blossom and Chinese Tourism Culture[A];[C];2007
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【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 GUAN Chuan-you(The Management Council of West Anhui University,Lu'an 237012,P.R.China);The History of Planting Willow and Willow Culture in China[J];Journal of Beijing Forestry University(Social Sciences);2006-04
2 He Fang (Department of Landscape Architecture);Artistic Conception of the Landscape Architecture Planing and Designing for Chinese Culture Town in Nara, Japan[J];Journal of Beijing Forestry University;1988-04
3 FAN Mei-Jun(School of Fine Art,Sichuan University of Science and Engineer,Zigong,Sichuan,643000);The Social Causes about Transformation of Calligraphy and Painting in Ming Dynasty[J];Journal of Xihua University(Philosophy & Social Sciences);2006-03
4 FU Ai-guo(chaohu college,AnHui, ChaoHu,238000,China);Artistic Image of State and State Image of Art——Cultural Connotion of 'Jiang Shan Ru Ci Duo Jiao' in the great hall of the people[J];Journal of Chaohu College;2003-05
5 ZHANG Zhong-hua(College of Fine Arts, Guizhou University for Ethnic Minorities, Guiyang, Guizhou Province 550025);Brush and Ink:Soul of Traditional Chinese Paintings[J];Journal of Guizhou University For Nationalities;2005-01
6 Yan Yihua;A Brief Discussion Of The Lines In Chinese Painting[J];Journal of Guizhou University(Art Edition);2001-03
7 Ou Jun-ming(Huai hua Industrial Technical School,Hunan Ou Jun Ming 418000);On The Unconventional Temperament in Li Zhan’s Works[J];Journal of Huaihua University;2006-03
8 SHENG Rong;Making changes in the course of carrying forward the tradition——the painter Zhu Baoshan’s liay to succees[J];Journal of Huainan Teachers College;2006-03
9 XU Qing- quan(Literature Research Institute,Shanghai Social Academy of Sciences,Shanghai 200020,China);The Influence of Thought upon the Traditional Costume of China[J];;2002-04
10 BAI Ding(The Artistic Center, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China);A Theoretical Approach to Painting Creation[J];Journal of Shanghai University;2005-02
【Co-references】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 ZHOU Qi zheng (School of Humanities, Hebei University, Baoding 071002, China);A Discussion on TAO Yuan-ming Images in Song Ci[J];Journal of Anhui Institute of Education;2003-04
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4 XU Qiang, ZHU Yan-yue( Department of Arts,Suzhou Teachers' College, Suzhou 234000,Anhui,China; School of Machanical Engineering,AHUT,Ma'anshan 243002. Anhui,China );On Traditional Chinese Paintings'“Feeling”and“Artistic Conception”[J];Journal of Anhui University of Technology(Sociel Sciences);2002-04
5 WANG De-qun,LIU Shou-jin,LIANG Yi-min (Anhui Cellege of TCM,Anhui Hefei 230038,China);STUDY ON THE TAXA OF MEDICINAL DENDRANTHEMA MORIFOLIUM IN CHINA[J];Journal of Anhui Traditional Chinese Medical College;2001-01
6 CHENG Shuxia(China Woman College Shandong Branch Institute,Jinan250001,Shandong,China);On The Aesthetic Value Of Ancient Poems of Yongju[J];Journal of Ankang Teachers College;2005-01
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10 CHENG Jie(School of Literature,Nanjing Normal University,210097,P.R.China);On Mei Flowers along Dayu Ridge with Special Reference to Their Cultural Meaning——Volume Three of a Series of Studies on Chinese Historic Sites about Mei Flowers[J];Journal of Beijing Forestry University(Social Sciences);2006-02
【Secondary References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 2 Hits
1 Guo Chaochao,Dai Silan(College of Landscape Architecture,Beijing Forestry University,Beijing,100083);Culture and market promotion by Chrysanthemum Exhibition[J];Journal of Chinese Urban Forestry;2009-03
2 ZHOU Wu-zhong;A Summary of the Studies on Chinese Flower Culture[J];Chinese Landscape Architecture;2008-06
China Proceedings of conference Full-text Database 2 Hits
1 Zhou Wu-zhong (Institute of Tourism and Landscape Architecture,Southeast University,Nanjing 210096,China);A Summary of the Studies on Chinese Flower Civilization[A];[C];2007
2 Zhao Xumin~1 Yang Hongfang~2 Mao Jing~1 Hu Huirong~1 Wang Caiyun~1 (1.College of Horticulture and Forestry Sciences,Huazhong Agricultural University,Wuhan 430070,China; 2.Landscape architecture administration bureau,Zhongshan city of Guangdong province,Zhongshan 528403,China);Aesthetic Appreciation for Chrysanthemum Culture by the Chrysanthemum Poetry in The Dream of Red Mansions[A];[C];2008
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