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《Sugarcane》 2002-02
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Study on eliminating sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV) by meristem tip of Badila (S.officinarum L.)

ZHANG Wen shui 1, PAN Da ren 2, LIN Yuan quan 2, XU Li ping 2, FU Hua ying 2 (1.Fujian Tobacco Co. Sanming Branch, Sanming, Fujian 365000, China; 2.Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002, China)  
With Badila as material, this paper studied on the methods of eliminating sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV) by meristem tip culture. By means of liquid culture, 0.5-1.0 mm meristem tips were cultured in MS media supplemented with 2.0 mg/L BA and 0.2 mg/L NAA. The result indicated that the plantlet ratio was over 30%, and BA was necessary, but NAA not. Adding active carbon in liquid media was of benefit to preventing phenol pollution and increasing the plantlet ratio. It was shown that the method of meristem tip culture with heat treatment was effective in eliminating SCMV. However, it was impossible to eliminating SCMV by lateral bud culture. The results of observation in the field indicated that virus free plants derived from apical meristem were higher than infected plants derived from lateral bud in photosynthetic rate, stalk length and stalk diameter, but their tiller number was similar.
【Fund】: 福建省高校科技项目 (K990 7)
【CateGory Index】: S435.66
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