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《Sugarcane》 2004-02
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Genentic analysis of genotype×environment interaction for major characters of sugarcane

ZHOU Hong-kai~1,CAI Hua-bing~2, GUO Rong-fa~1 (1. Agronomy College, Zhanjiang Ocean University, Zhanjiang, Guangdong 524088, China; 2. Zhanjiang Sugarcane Research Center, Guangzhou Sugarcane Ind. Res. Institute, Suixi, Guangdong 24300, China)  
Eleven parents of sugarcane were used to develop 30 hybridized combinations according to 5×6 incomplete diallel cross (Nc design Ⅱ) genetic design and their seedlings were subjected to ADE genetic analysis of 7 major characters. (1) All characters were affected by not only additive gene action and dominant gene action but also genotype×environment interactions. But their importance differed for different characters.(2)The estimates of heritability components were obtained for all characters. The heritability components varied with traits. In addition, the heritability was in some extent affected by environment for all characters, and the traits that had larger interaction heritability estimates were more affected. In general, the general narrow sense heritabilities were high for all characters except for effective brix,while the interactive narrow sense heritabilities were low. (3) Significant genetic correlations were observed among all characters. The magnitude and direction of correlation differed for different trait combinations. Additive and dominant genetic effects contributed mainly to the genetic correlations for most of trait combinations. The effects of environments on genetic correlation exhibited mainly as dominant×environment interaction-correlations.
【Fund】: 广东省"十五"重大科技专项(A20602)
【CateGory Index】: S566.1
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