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《Subtropical Agriculture Research》 2012-04
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The threshold and effective accumulative temperature for the development of Erythroneura sudra

LIU Cong-li1,AI Hong-mu2,SHI Meng-zhu3(1.Ningde Vocational and Technical College,Fu′an,Fujian 355000,China;2.College of Plant Protection, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University,Fuzhou,Fujian 350002,China;3.Institute of Plant Protection,Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Fuzhou,Fujian 350003,China)  
Erythroneura sudra was a major peach pest.According to the test results,the threshold temperatures were(4.33±0.08) ℃ for the eggs,(4.78±0.32) ℃ for the first instar nymphs,(3.05±0.22) ℃ for the second instar nymphs,(3.78±0.28) ℃ for the third instar nymphs,(5.00±0.31) ℃ for the fourth instar nymphs,(5.00±0.26) ℃ for the fifth instar nymphs,(3.63±0.56) ℃ for the preoviposition period and(8.33±0.05) ℃ for the whole generation.The effective accumulative temperatures were(333.33±3.75) ℃ for the eggs,(108.70±3.54) ℃ for the first instar nymphs.(121.95±2.93) ℃ for the second instar nymphs,(121.95±2.83) ℃ for the third instar nymphs,(108.70±3.83) ℃ for the fourth instar nymphs,(166.67±3.00) ℃ for the fifth instar nymphs,(40.32±4.20) ℃ for the preoviposltion period and(833.33±6.00) ℃ for the whole generation.Based on the investigation of E.sudra annual life history and overwintering habits,it was concluded that the occurrence of E.sudra was 5-6 generations annually in Fu′an City of Fujian Province.
【Fund】: 农业部公益性行业专项子课题(20090304);; 福建省科技厅资助项目(2010J01076)
【CateGory Index】: S433.3
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