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《Hainan Medical Journal》 2010-05
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Sevoflurane inhalation anesthesia combined with infraorbital nerve block in infant for cleft lip and palate repair surgery

ZHENG Hong,Department of Anesthesiology,The People's Hospital if Yibin City,Yibin 644000,Sichuan,CHINA  
Objective To investigate the safety and feasibility of sevoflurane inhalation anesthesia combined with infraorbital nerve block for cleft lip and palate repair surgery in infants.Methods Sixty neonates and pediatric patients were studied and randomly divided into two groups (n=30). Group A was treated with sevoflurane inhalation anesthesia combined with infraorbital nerve block,and Group B was treated with propofol combined with ketamine anesthesia. MAP,HR,extubation time after withdrawal,awaking time and postoperative complications were compared in each period anesthesia.Results HR,MAP at T1,T2,T3 in Group B were significantly higher than those in Group A (P0.05). The extubation time and postoperative waking time at Group A were significantly shorter than those in Grou B (P0.01). Ketamine was usually added 2 or 3 times to maintain anesthesia in Group B,while other analgesic drugs were no appended in Group A. Airway obstruction,nausea,vomiting,irritability occurred in Group B after extubation,while Group A did not.Conclusion Sevoflurane inhalation anesthesia combined with infraorbital nerve block is safe and effective in infant for cleft lip and palate repair surgery.
【CateGory Index】: R782.054
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