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A PRELIMINARY RESEARCH ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE TOMBOLO OF QIMU ISLAND

Wu Sangyun (First Institute of Oceanography. SOA)  
The relationship between the development of the tombolo and the littorel sediment transportation and deposition is discussed in detail based on the features of hydrodynamics, coast line and sediment as well as the radiocarbon datings in this paper. About 7,000 years ago, the area between Qimu Island and the mainland was a shallow sea. Under the action of the prevailing wave the sediment grains moved from east to west. The sediments deposited at the turn of the coastline near Xinglong Village, and then formed spit which growed westward continuously with the sediment supply. The western end of the spit turned southward under the action of northwest waves, and secondary spits developed at the south side of the old spit, i. e. the "Long Kou Spit" formed about 6,000 years ago and "Guandao Spit" formed about 3,200 years ago. Meanwhile, the north and northwest sides of Qimu Island were subjected to wave erosion. The eroded sediments were carried by waves and longshore currents to the southeast side where was a wave shadow zone, and deposited there to form a gravel spit and "Jianzitou" spit. That two oppositely growing spits (the spit at mainland near Xinglong village and the spit at the east coast of Qimu Island) linked up about 3,000 years ago to form the tombolo of Qimu Island. The sediments deposite continuously to the north of the tombolo and several longshore bar developed.
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