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《JOURNAL OF OCEANOGRAPGY OF HUANGHAI &BOHAI SEAS》 1999-03
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Kuroshio and Its Counter Current Longitudinal Section at 137°E

Sun Xiangping (Key Laboratory of Geophysical Fluid Dynamics and Numerical Modelling, SOA, Qingdao, 266003) (First Institute of Oceanography, SOA,Qingdao, 266003)  
The geostrophic flow at section 137°E was calculated and analysed according to the temperature salinity data in winter and summer of 1967~1995 The maine results are as follows: (1) The Kuroshio is a single relatively stable current with a very strong velocity and does not branch. However, the Kuroshio Counter Current (KCC) is sometimes single, sometimes bifurcated or even trifurcated, showing a multi branching phenomenon. (2) In the sense of multi annual average, 31°N is the boundary line between the Kuroshio and the KCC at 137°E section. In winter, the Kuroshio appears mainly between 31°~33°N and the KCC between 29°~30°N. In summer, the Kuroshio appears mainly between 31°~34°N and the KCC between 28°~31°N. (3) The velocity structure at 137°E section may be classified into three types of Ⅰ, Ⅱ and Ⅲ. Both the Kuroshio and the KCC have a banded structure with a single core. In the sense of average, the velocity of the Kuroshio and the KCC is strong in summer and weak in winter. However, the seasonal variations of the KCC are not obvious. Meanwhile, the multi branching of the KCC was compared with the observed data.
【CateGory Index】: P731.27
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