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《Advances in Marine Science》 2005-03
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A Preliminary Study on Phytoplankton Community Structure and Its Changes in the Jiaozhou Bay

LI Yan~(1,2), LI Rui-xiang~(1,2), WANG Zong-ling~(1,2), ZHU Ming-yuan~(1,2), SUN Pi-xi~(1,2), XIA Bin~(1,2)(1. First Institute of Oceanography, SOA, Qingdao 266061, China; 2. Key Lab of Science and Engineering for Marine Ecological Environment, SOA, Qingdao 266061, China)  
In this paper, the observed data in the Jiaozhou Bay in 2003 are used to analyze the correlation of phytoplankton community structure with temperature and nutrients. It is shown from the analysis results that the phytoplankton community in the Jiaozhou Bay is composed mainly of diatom and dinoflagellate, and the ecological types are neritic eurytopic species, temperate species, warm temperate species and few warm water species. There are 2 peaks of phytoplankton cell number in a year, the primary peak occurs in September, the second peak occurs in February, and the phytoplankton cell number in July and the period from October to next Jannuary remains at a low value level. The phytoplankton cell number, especially its peak value has been decreasing in recent years. The dominant phytoplankton species in spring are Chaetoceros, Leptocvlindrus danicus, Skeletonema costatum and Asterionellopsis glacialis, those in summer and early autumn are neritic warm water species Odontella sinensis and Helicothela tamesis and eurythermic species Coscinodiscus asteromphalu, and those in autumn and winter are Pennatae and Bacillaria paxillifera. The correlation of diatom abundance with DIN, phosphate and silicate is less significant(R~2(0.1)), the negative correlation of Centricae abundance and DIN is significant(R~2=0.439 9),and the correlation of Centricae abundance with silicate and phosphate is less significant(R~20.1). The correlation of community diversity index with Centricae abundance and silicate is significant(R~2=0.319 8 and 0.444 3).
【Fund】: 国家重大基础研究前期研究专项———我国近海浮游植物多样性演变机理及其对生态系统功能的影响(2002CCA04900);; 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目———我国近海有害赤潮发生的生态学、海洋学机制及预测防治(2001CB409702)
【CateGory Index】: Q948.8
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