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《Advances in Marine Science》 2015-04
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Seasonal and Interannual Variability of the Western Pacific Warm Pool Three-dimensional Structure

QIN Si-si;ZHANG Qi-long;YIN Bao-shu;Institute of Oceanology,Chinese Acaderny of Sciences;Key Laboratory of Ocean Circulation and Waves,Chinese Academy of Sciences;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences;  
Using 28 ℃isotherm as the definition of the western Pacific warm pool(WPWP),the seasonal and interannual variability of the WPWP three-dimensional structure and its relation to two existing types of ENSO events(the Eastern-Pacific,EP and the Central-Pacific,CP)are studied based on the monthly averaged sea temperature data from 1950 to 2011produced by Japan Meteorological Agency and ENSO index from NOAA.The results showed that the WPWP three-dimensional structure is of significant but inconsistent seasonal and interannual variations and relates well to ENSO with a leading of 1~3months.On seasonal scales,the WPWP retreats westward in boreal winter and expands eastward in boreal spring,displaces southward in boreal winter and moves northward in boreal summer,becomes thicker in boreal spring and autumn while thinner in boreal summer and winter.On interannual scales,the WPWP expands eastward(retreats westward),converges toward(diverges from)the equator,and thins(thickens)in 1~3months before the El Nio(La Nia)occurs.The solar radiation,wind and ocean circulation might be responsible for the seasonal variability of the WPWP three-dimensional structure,while the interannual variability of the WPWP three-dimensional structure may be associated with the zonal current anomaly by zonal wind anomaly and Kelvin and Rossby waves and Ekman transport.Besides,the eastern edges at20 mand 50mdepth relate well to the EP and CP,respectively,which can be used as the index for studing two types of ENSO events.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展计划项目——暖池热盐结构变异的关键海洋过程与机制(2012CB417402)
【CateGory Index】: P731
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