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《Acta Agriculturae Boreali—Sinica》 1990-03
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Studies on Canopy Morpho-Physiological Characters of High-Yielding Wheat Cultivars

Ren Mingquan Zhao Xianlin Yan Xinpu(Wheat Institute, Henan Academy of Agricultural ScienceS, Zhengzhou)  
Relative and genetic analysis were done on canopy morphology, physiology and yield character of high yielding wheat cultivars grown in Henan province and Yellow-river valley.The results indicated that the highly positive relations between flag-leaf area and main spike kernel weight, kernal numbers and kernal weight per spike existed. The peduncle length and diameter showed high positively relation with main spike kernel weight.The following traits coincided with the simple additive-dominance model of gene action, such as. 1000-grain weight, flag-leaf length, area, basal angle, and open angle, sheath length, peduncle length, extrusion length, spike length, and flag-leaf photosythensis area duration. "Complementary genes" type of non-allelic interactions was indicated in peduncle diameter and main spike kernel weight, whearas non-random gene distribution seemed to be present for plant height, flag-leaf width, specific leaf weight, chlorophyll content and main spike numbers. Furthermore, complicated factors may exist in the genetic of the net photosynthetic rate (NPR) .Additionally, 30 high-yielding wheat cultivars were classified according to the morphology of flag-leaf and peduncle.
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