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《Acta Agriculturae Boreall—sinica》 1994-S1
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Nitrogen Balance of Soil-Crops System in Wheat-Corn Double Cropping

Zhang Wenying Zhang Qingjiang(Institute of Grain and Oil Crops, Hebei Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, Shijiazhuang 050031)  
The relations between application of N-fertilizer and N-absorption in crops, and N-accumulation in soil and N-loss under soil-crops system in wheat-corn double cropping were studied by location trials of N-fertilizer for five years at the loam in Wuji county. Hebei province. The results showed that: (i) at the low level of N-fertilizer application, utilization ratio of N-fertilizer was higher, but the grain yield was lower and soil-N was plundered by crops; (ii) at the high level of N-fertilizer application, the grain yield decreased due to nitrogen of excessive absorption in crops, accumulation and leaching loss increase in soil. So utilization ratio of N-fertilizer decreased; (iii)at the rate of N-fertilizer applied which obtained the maximum grain yield, the excessive absorption of crops to N wasn't appeared and soil-N wast't plundered by crops. N-accumulation in soil and N-loss were less. Utilized coefficients of N-fertilizer (including organic-N) and urea-N were 76% and 72% respctively. The percentages of N-accumulation in soil and N-loss were less than 5% and 23% respeectively.
【CateGory Index】: S154.4
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