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Advancement of Protein Subcellular Localization in Plants

XING Hao-ran,LIU Li-juan,LIU Guo-zhen(College of Life Sciences,Hebei Agricultural University,Baoding 071001,China)  
Cell is the fundamental unit of living organism,proteins with different functions distributed in cellular compartments,including plasmolemma,nucleus,cytoplasm and organelles like mitochondria,chloroplast,Golgi,and endoplasmic reticulum etc.Protein subcellular localization is one of the key questions for functional genomics.The techniques used for subcellular localization of plants protein include fusion reporter gene localization,immunohistochemical localization,2D combined with mass spectrometry,marker enzyme-assisted localization and bioinformatics prediction.The development and application of high-throughtput protein subcellular localization technology stimulated the establishment of protein subcellular localization database.In model plant Arabidopsis thaliana,the number of proteins with localization data is over 4000.
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