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《Acta Agriculturae Boreali-Sinica》 2007-05
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Effects of Adding Different Organic Substances on the Aroma Quality of Flue-cured Tobacco Leaves

ZHAO Ming-qin1,CHEN Hong-hua1,LIU Guo-shun1,ZHAO Ming-shan2,HU Huan-xing2,CHENG Yu-yuan2,NIU Shu-jin3(1.College of Agronomy,Henan Agricultural University,National Tobacco Cultivation and Physiology and Biochemical Research Center,Zhengzhou 450002,China;2.Tobacco Company of Nanyang,Nanyang 473061,China;3.Fangcheng Tobacco Company,Fangcheng 473200,China)  
The effects of adding different organic substances under conventional measure(CK)on chemical composition and the content of volatile aromatic matter in flue-cured tobacco leaves were studied by GC/MS in Nanyang,Henan province.The result showed that,Compared with the commonly used fertilizing measure,the treatments added soybean matters could obviously increase the content of total sugar,reduced sugar and potassium in flue-cured tobacco leaves,but the treatments added products of sesame had relatively less efficience and showed little difference in the content of other chemical composition between treatments.All the treatments could increase the total content of volatile aromatic matter significantly.The content of important aromatic matters neophytadiene,products degraded by caretene,products of aromatic amino acid metabolism,products of Maillard reaction and products degraded by cembrane were all increased to a certain degree.This indicated that adding different organic substances improved the harmony between the chemical componients in flue-cured tobacco leaves to some extent,thus increased the aroma quality of tobacco leaves.Different organic substances had different effects,among which the two treatments of adding fermented soya-bean milk were the best,followed by the treatment of adding bean powder,and adding sesame and gingili had less effects.
【Fund】: 国家烟草专卖局重大科技攻关资助项目(110200401004)
【CateGory Index】: S572
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