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《Acta Agriculturae Boreali-Sinica》 2008-S1
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Effects of Metal Ions on Callus Induction and Differentiation of Wheat Mature Embryos

KOU Meng,CUI Fa,XI Ting-ye,WANG Hong-gang(College of Agronomy,Shandong Agricultural University,Taian Subcenter of National Wheat Improvement Center,Taian 271018,China)  
In order to establish high frequency plant regeneration from mature embryos of wheat,effects of metal ions(Cu2+ and Ag+) of different concentrations on in vitro culture of mature embryos from two wheat cultivars of Tai 9817 and Taishan 21 were studied.The results showed that callus Induction and differentiation of wheat mature embryos were apparently improved on the medium with 1 μmol/L CuSO4 or 10 μmol/L AgNO3,and the effects of CuSO4 or AgNO3 of different concentrations on the frequency of callus induction were slower than on the frequency of embryogenic callus,differentiation and regeneration;at optimal concentration(1 μmol/L) of CuSO4,the frequency of embryogenic callus,differentiation and regeneration of Tai 9817 and Taishan 21 increased separately by 71.18% and 87.37%,76.01% and 88.92%,159.64% and 323.79%;at optimal concentration(10 μmol/L) of AgNO3,the frequency of embryogenic callus,differentiation and regeneration of Tai 9817 and Taishan 21 increased separately by 87.79% and 99.35%,85.53% and 93.88%,121.47% and 275.21%.Differences of culture characteristic of wheat mature embryos between different metal ions(Cu2+ and Ag+) treatment were not remarkable.
【Fund】: “十一五”国家科技支撑计划(2006BAD01A02);; 山东省农业良种工程项目
【CateGory Index】: S512.1
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