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《Hubei Agricultural Sciences》 2007-02
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Combination Selection and Main Characters Relations between Parents and Offspring of Two-line Japonica Hybrid Rice

FANG Guo-cheng,XIONG You-neng,ZENG Qing-si,LI Zhen-lian,WU Xiao-zhi,LI Pei-de,LU Xing-gui(Food Crops Institute,Hubei Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Wuhan 430064,China)  
Two-line japonica hybrid rice combinations from 5 japonica Photoperiod-sensitive Genic Male Sterile(PGMS) lines and 5 japonica restorers with the method of incomplete diallel crossing were used to analyze the heterosis of main characters of F1 combinations such as yield,rice quality,plant shape and growth duration and contribution efficiencies of these parents and their interaction effects to the trait variables of offspring.The results showed that:The heterosis were significant among yield per plant.The average heterosis ratio of mid-parent was 32.21±14.48% and that of over-parent heterosis was 10.80±13.73%.Percentage of grains with chalkiness and chalkiness ratio were the main factors that affected the quality in japonica hybrid rice.Female parent controlled the percentage of grains with chalkiness and chalkiness ratio.Hybrid rice quality would be obviously improved when one of the parents had high quality.Hybrid rice quality would be more deteriorated when both parents had bad quality.
【Fund】: 国家“863”计划项目(2003AA212020)
【CateGory Index】: S511.22
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