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MORPHOLOGICAL OBSERVATION AND MEASUREMENT OF THE FORAMEN MENTALE

Mo Chuping, Ke Guoping(Department of Human Anatomy, Hubei Medical College)  
The writers collected 400 intact mandibulae from Hubei region (300, male; 100, female) and took careful observation and measurement of them, The results are as follows: 1. The place of the foramen mentale: It is situated a little above the midway between the upper and lower borders of the mendibular body and slightly behind the point at which the front 1/4 connects with the middle-front 1/4 of one side of the bone. The majority of the foramina are below tile second premolar or below the interval between the second premolar and the first molar. 2. The form of the foramen mentales can be classified into three types: oval, circular and irregular. The oval form, accounting for 64.66% of male and 76% of female, is the commonest of the three, the circular one takes second place, and the irregular is few. 3. The width and length of the foramen mentales: The width (the average value) ranges: male, 3.15mm, and female, 2.83 mm. The length ranges: male, 2.74mm, and female, 2.48 mm. 4. The opening direction the foramen mentales can also be divided into three types. The back-upward accounting for 85.3% of male and 83.0% of female is the commonest one. The backward comes second. And the directly upward is few. In the application of the foramen mentale to clinical block anes thesia, the most proper site is a little above the midway between the upper and lower borders of the mandibular body, i.e, at a point which is 28~29 mm far from the median line and points directly to the second premolar.
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1 Li Yuemin(Department of Biology, Nanjing Normal College);THE TONGUE OF THE BAIJI, LIPOTES VEXILLIFER[J];Acta Zoologica Sinica;1983-01
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【Co-references】
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1 AN Lu,ZHANG Xiao- ming,WANG Wen,LI Ben (Agricultural Historical Institute,Northwest Sci- Tech University of Agriculture and Forest, Yangling,712100,Shanxi);Dietetic Cultural Interflow of North and South from the Qin Dynasty to the Northern and Southern Dynasties[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural University;2004-02
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