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《Chinese Journal of Synthetic Chemistry》 2007-05
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Synthesis of Biodegradable Cationic Surfactants

WUSIMAN Abudureheman1,ALIMU Kahaer2(1.Institute of Life Science and Chemistry,Xinjiang Normal University,Urumqi 830054,China;2.Xinjiang Agricultural Collage of Vocational-technology,Changji 831100,China)  
Biodegradable cationic surfactants(1) were prepared from lauric(of stearic) acid,tertiary amines and epichlorohydrin by one-step reaction.The structures were confirmed by 1H NMR,IR and elemental analysis.The effects of tertiary amine basicity and steric hindrance on the yield of 1 were studied.The surface tension(γ) and critical micelle concentration(CMC) was measured by drop-volume method.When tertiary amine with high basicity and small steric hindrance was used,the yield of 1e was 90%.The surface activity of 1b with two alkyl chain was best.The CMC25was 0.024 mmol·L-1 and γCMC was 34.20 mN·m-1.
【Fund】: 新疆师范大学自然科学基金资助项目(2005)
【CateGory Index】: TQ423
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