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《Journal of Biosafety》 2015-01
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Monitoring of resistance against insecticides in the whitefly Aleurodicus dispersus and an assessment of the consequences of chlorpyrifos

Liang-de TANG;Yue-guan FU;Dong-qiang ZENG;Environment and Plant Protection Institute,Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences;College of Agriculture,Guangxi University;  
【Background】The spiraling whitefly Aleurodicus dispersus Russell is a destructive invasive species first found in Hainan,China,in 2006. As a new quarantine pest,chemical control was considered the most effective measure to depress and eradicate the field population. 【Method】By the method of a Potter bioassay,we monitored the insecticide resistance of field strains of A. dispersus to seven common used insecticides( chlorpyrifos,profenofos,beta-cypermethrin,lambda-cyhalothrin,acetamiprid,imidacloprid,abamectin). The realized heritability of resistance and resistance risk of A. dispersus to chlorpyrifos were evaluated using threshold trait analysis. 【Result】The field strains tested displayed no resistance to insecticides,with a resistance ranging between1. 03 and 4. 29. The realized heritability of resistance to chlorpyrifos was 0. 2405. Theoretically,it requires 7. 09 generations for A.dispersus to develop 10-fold resistance to chlorpyrifos under selective pressure of 90% mortality for each successive generation. Field trials revealed that the risk of resistance to chlorpyrifos was below that of the threshold trait analysis. 【Conclusion and significance】This study indicated that chemical control may still be effective against this invasive pest.
【CateGory Index】: S433.89;S481.4
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