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《CIESC Journal》 2012-07
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Activities changes of key enzymes in glutamate fermentation in response of various initial biotin contents

CAO Yan,Enock Mpofu,DING Jian,DUAN Zuoying,SHI Zhongping(Key Laboratory of Industrial Biotechnology,Ministry of Education,School of Biotechnology, Jiangnan University,Wuxi 214122,Jiangsu,China)  
In glutamate fermentation,initial biotin content in the medium varies with the corn slurry originating sources or even production batches,and this variation affects fermentation performance and stability.In this study,activities changes of the key enzymes at metabolic nodes of pyruvate,isocitrate and α-ketoglutarate when initial biotin content was at normal/improper levels,particularly when initial biotin content was at improper levels but adopting faults-rescue measures during fermentation were carefully investigated.When initial biotin was in shortage,all activities of the key enzymes responsible for catalyzing the main glutamate synthesis route were weakened,in particular,the activity of α-oxoglutamate dehydrogenase complex was inactivated and energy metabolism completely relied on glyoxylate cycle.When biotin in shortage was determined and biotin was supplemented,the enzyme responsible for the central metabolic route,pyruvate dehydrogenase returned to the normal level,and TCA cycle turned to be the main energy metabolism route once again.On the other hand,when initial biotin was in excess,all activities of the key enzymes were activated except pyruvate carboxylase and glutamate dehydrogenase.When biotin in excess was determined and Tween 40 was supplemented,the activities of two key enzymes responsible for glutamate synthesis,pyruvate dehydrogenase and isocitrate dehydrogenase,remained at high levels.At the same time,activities of α-oxoglutamate dehydrogenase complex and isocitrate lysase declined to the normal levels.The final glutamate concentration of the failure-likelihood fermentations could be recovered back to the control level(75—80 g·L-1)by using the relevant rescue measures.Furthermore,final glutamate concentration could be further increased and reach 87 g·L-1,which was over 108.8% of that obtained in the control case,when adopting the "two-stage" optimal operation mode based on combined adjustment of initial biotin content and Tween 40 addition.
【Fund】: 国家高技术研究发展计划项目(2006AA020301-11);; 国家重点基础研究发展计划项目(2007CB714303)~~
【CateGory Index】: TQ922.1
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