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《The Chinese Journal of Process Engineering》 2008-06
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Preparation of Bio-diesel from Jatropha curcas Oil by Transesterification with Solid Acid Catalysts

SUN Jin-feng, REN Tian-rui, XUE Si-jia (College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, China)  
Transesterification of Jatropha curcas oil was carried out in the presence of solid acid, the effects of types of catalysts and reaction conditions on the bio-diesel yields and the components in the process of the preparation of methyl esters (bio-diesel) were examined. Solid acid catalysts ZrO2-SO42- and K4Zn4[Fe(CN)6]3 were prepared with precipitation. Their structures and characteristics identified by XRD, FT-IR, BET and elemental analysis were compared. Their catalytic activities changed with acid value and reaction temperature. The detail components of the bio-diesel production were analyzed by GC-MS. The results showed that the ZrO2-SO42- lost its catalytic activity in high acid value Jatropha curcas oil. The yield of methyl ester declined to 84%. Otherwise, K4Zn4[Fe(CN)6]3 remained its good catalytic activity and stability. The yield of methyl ester was 93%. After it was used five times, the yield of methyl ester still reached 90%.
【Fund】: 国家“十一五”科技支撑基金资助项目(编号:2006BAE01A07-10);; 国家高技术研究发展计划(863)基金资助项目(编号:2006AA100204)
【CateGory Index】: TE667
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