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《The Chinese Journal of Process Engineering》 2014-03
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Catalytic Pyrolysis Behaviors of Xinjiang Tuoli Oil Sand

ZHANG Chi;WANG De-min;ZHANG Bei-bei;ZHANG Jing;LANG Ying;ZHONG Mei;MA Feng-yun;College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xinjiang University, Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Fine Chemicals,Ministry of Education & Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region;Xinjiang Hefeng Energy Co. Ltd.,China Kingho;  
Pyrolysis of Xinjiang Tuoli oil sand was studied in a fixed-bed unit, and the effects of temperature, H2 concentration, catalyst type and dosage, and contact mode of catalyst with the oil sand on its pyrolysis characteristics and oil yield were evaluated, and the activation energy was obtained via a thermogravimetric analyzer. The results indicated that the peak value of oil yield [up to 44.52%(ω)] was attained at 550℃ in N2 atmosphere. The decrease of oil yield with the inclusion of H2 into the atmosphere was due to the H2-promoted secondary cracking of saturates that led to more pyrolysis gas. When H2 concentration was 40%(?), the yield of saturates decreased to 28.96%(ω), 25.43% lower than that in pure N2 atmosphere. Compared with the value without catalyst, the oil yield increased 15.77%, 16.87%, 3.79% and 5.62% with 2%(ω) NiO, WO3, ZnO and nano CuO as catalysts, respectively. The contact mode between oil sand and catalyst affected oil yield obviously. The separate setting of NiO with oil sand in layer-by-layer was beneficial to the improvement of oil yield and quality, while nano CuO and WO3 were more suitable to mixing with oil sand in the pyrolysis process. ZnO, NiO and nano CuO could effectively reduce the pyrolysis activation energy of oil sand.
【Fund】: 新疆维吾尔自治区科技计划项目(编号:201314102);; 新疆大学大学生创新训练重点项目(编号:XJU-SRT-13159)
【CateGory Index】: TE624
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