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《Journal of Hehai University (Natural Sciences )》 2004-06
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Advances in research of nutrient transfer in surface and subsurface soil on sloping land in small watersheds

LI Yong, WANG Chao, TANG Hong-liang (College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hohai Univ., Nanjing 210098, China)  
Based on the current research on sloping lands, a discussion was made on the mechanism of nutrient transfer and transformation along with surface runoff and soil flows in sloping lands. It is concluded that the nutrient transfer in soil is affected by some factors, such as intensity of rainfall, gradient and length of slope, characteristics of solute, topographic features, soil type, and vegetative cover, which also determine the form of nitrogen and phosphorus losses. In consideration of some inadequencies in current research, it is pointed out that the study of nutrient transfer can provide a basis for study of nutrient loss and solute transfer in soil. Furthermore, with different sloping lands taken as basic elements, a new watershed management mode was proposed in order to perfect the control and management of non-point source pollution. It is suggested that different fertilizers, fertilization techniques, cultivation systems and high vegetative coverage should be adopted in different kinds of sloping lands.
【Fund】: 国家"973"计划资助项目(2002CB412303);; 国家"863"计划资助项目(2002AA601012);; 江苏省研究生创新计划资助项目
【CateGory Index】: X522
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