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《Haihe Water Resources》 2003-03
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Water cycle and water resources safety in North China:problems and challen ges(1)

Xia Jun  
Water shortage in North China and increasingly seriou s ecological environmental deterioration is one of the top problems in China. At present,obvious decease of runoff in mountain region and plain and over-ex ploitation and utilization of water resources have caused the deteriorated prob lems in ecological environment such as groundwater funnel,wadi in plain regio n,loss of lakes and wetlands,pollution of surface water and ground water etc .,which affect the water resources safety in North China.This paper focuses o n the Haihe River Basin,points out the influences of natural and human factor s and background of developmental evolvement which is on back of water shorta ge in North China and increasingly serious ecological environmental deterioratio n,emphasizes the importance of fundamental study on water cycle under the effe ct of highly intensive human activities,and puts forward some suggestions on w ater cycle basis of water resources safety in North China and its application s tudy.Based on this,the author studies North China water cycle process,water body movement ,pollutant transmission and it's coupling system with ecological environment evolvement,elucidates the formation cause of "dried river channe l,water body pollution,loss of wetland,exhaustion of groundwater",and put s forward the theoretic basis of ecological environment restoration.This not only has significant academic value on geological fundamental science advance research of basin water environment evolvement under changing environment,bu t also has important strategic significance to Chinese sustainable development and social progress.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程项目(KZCX2-SW-317/CX10G-E01-08);; 国家自然科学基金项目(49971017)资助项目
【CateGory Index】: TV213.4
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【References】
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1 LI Zi-jun1;LI Xiu-bin2.1 College of Population,Resources and Environment,Shandong Normal University,Jinan,250014,P.R.China;2 Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing,100101,P.R.China.;Trend and causation analysis of runoff variation in the upper reach of Chaobaihe River Basin in northern China during 1961-2005[J];Journal of Beijing Forestry University;2008-S2
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【Co-references】
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1 YE Bai-sheng~(1), LI Chong~(2), YANG Da-qing~(3), DING Yong-jian~(1), SHEN Yong-ping ~(1) (1. Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China; 2.China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China; 3. Water and Environment Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbank Alaska 99775, USA);Variation Trend of Precipitation and Its Impact on Water Resources in China during Last 50 Years (Ⅱ) : Monthly Variation[J];Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology;2005-01
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1 ZOU Zhihong,YUN Yi,WANG Huiwen School of Economics and Management, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083;Application of two-stage fuzzy set theory to water quality evaluation in the Haihe River system[J];Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae;2008-04
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