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《Environmental Chemistry》 1996-06
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CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF INDIVIDUAL AEROSOL PARTICLES IN BEIJING

Wang Anpu Yang Shulan(Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100085)ShaYin(Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100080)  
Atmospheric aerosol particles were collected by Anderson cascade impact sampler at three sites in Beijing. The morphological observation and composition analysis for individual particles were performed by scanning electron microscopy equipped with an energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (SEM/EDX). Phase analysis for coarse and fine particle fractions was carried out by X-ray diffractometer.Results indicate that the compounds observed in the fine fraction most frequently are iron/ammonium, sulfate and ammonium chloride. The coarse particle samples are pre-dominatly of mineral nature, e. g. quartz, calcite, gypsm, dolomite and some clay minerals. Some of the metallic compounds were originated from steel plant. It is deduced from this work that the spherical particles may be the products from coal combustion, and that the major irregular shaped particles might originate from soil and sandstone.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目 项目号:29377278
【CateGory Index】: X513
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