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《Environmental Chemistry》 2004-02
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DETERMINATION OF WATER-SOLUBLE INORGANIC AND ORGANIC SPECIES OF AEROSOLS

YU Xue chun 1 HE Ke bin 1 MA Yong liang 1 DUAN Feng kui 1 YANG Fu mo 1 ZHENG Ai hua 2 ZHAO Cheng yi 2 (1 Department of Environmental Science & Engineering,Tsinghua University,Beijing,100084; 2 Analytical & Testing Center,Beijing Normal University,Beijing,100875)  
This paper conducted a study of determination of the water soluble inorganic and organic species of aerosols in simultaneity by use of ion chromatography technology.Based on this,twelve inorganic ions(F -,Cl -,NO - 2,NO - 3,SO 2- 3,SO 2- 4,PO 3- 4,Na +,NH + 4,K +,Mg 2+ ,Ca 2+ )and seven WSOC(formate,acetate,methylsulfonate,oxalate,malonate,succinate,glutarate)of aerosols in city were quantitatively determined.The linear concentrations ranged from 0 01μg·m -3 to 1000μg·m -3 for inorganic species and from 0 005μg·m -3 to 10μg·m -3 for organic species( r =0 999—0 9999);The RSD were 0 43—1 32% and the detection limits were from 0 0001μg·m -3 to 0 0005μg·m -3 .The results showed that SO 2- 4,NO - 3 and NH + 4 were the dominant ionic species of PM 2 5 in Beijing,which were 11 1μg·m -3 ,7 8μg·m -3 and 6 2μg·m -3 for the yearly averaged concentrations and accounted for 10 6%,7 4% and 5 7% of the total mass of PM 2 5 ,respectively.WSOC of PM 2 5 in Beijing exhibited an annual concentration range of 0 011—0 118μg·m -3 and possessed 0 01—0 1% of PM 2 5 mass,among which oxalate was the most abundant species,followed by acetate,succinate and malonate.
【Fund】: 通用公司资助项目
【CateGory Index】: O657.7
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