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Current Situation and Trend of Motor Vehicle Exhaust Pollution in Urban Areas of China

XIE Shao dong, ZHUANG Yuan hang, TANG Xiao yan (Center of Environmental Sciences,Atmospheric Environmental Simulation Sub Laboratory of State Key Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control,Peking University,Beijing\ 100871,China)  
The average annual growth rate of the vehicle population in Beijing,Guangzhou and Shanghai are 16.4,16.5 and 13.4 percent respectively since 1980's,and the contributions of vehicle to CO and NO x emissions of these cities are over 80% and near 40% respectively.As a result,NO x yearly average concentration in urban area has increased year by year,and NO x has become the pollutant of the first importance in a few big cities such as Guangzhou and Beijing.The daily average concentrations of NO x and CO in street(road)atmosphere have greatly exceeded the second class of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards,and the pollution situation on street is more serious than that of the general urban area.The photochemical smog phenomenon has already existed in these urban areas and the pollution is getting more and more serious,and it is predicted that the O 3 concentration in the air of urban areas is depended on the vehicle emissions.It is indicated that the air pollution in these urban areas is in a transition from coal burning caused problem to vehicle exhaust related pollution.
【Fund】: 中国博士后科学基金!资助项目;; 国家教委“跨世纪优秀人才计划”基金! ( 1 995)资助项目
【CateGory Index】: X511
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