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《Research of Environmental Sciences》 2009-10
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Mixed Composting of Municipal Solid Waste and Manure

YANG Tian-xue~(1,2),XI Bei-dou~2,WEI Zi-min~1,LI Ming-xiao~1,JIANG Yong-hai~2,JI Dan-feng~2,SU Jing~21.College of Life Science,Northeast Agricultural University,Harbin 150030,China2.Laboratory of Urban Environmental Systems Engineering,Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences,Beijing 100012,China  
Mixed composting of municipal solid waste(MSW) and manure can improve the quality of the compost.Using MSW technology and aerobic composting equipment,MSW(Treatment Ⅰ),manure(Treatment Ⅱ),and mixed MSW and manure(Treatment Ⅲ) were treated to research the dynamics of temperature,organic matter and N,P,K in the compost content.The results indicated that Treatment Ⅲ could speed up the rate of warming,improve the maximum temperature of the reactor and extend the duration of high temperature.In the compost processing of Treatment Ⅲ,the heating rate,maximum temperature and duration of high temperature were 1.88(℃/h),(69 ℃),and 440 h,respectively,which were slightly higher than the parameters of Treatment Ⅰ (1.79(℃/h),(67 ℃),418 h),and were superior to Treatment Ⅱ,which had parameters of only 0.47(℃/h),(42 ℃),and 0 h.Therefore,Treatment Ⅲ enhanced the quality of compost products.The degree of rotting and fluorescent characteristic of the compost showed that,after 20 days'reaction by Treatment Ⅲ,the germinating capacity of wheat,corn,soy beans,rice and cotton which used the compost were 88.7%,91.3%,82.7%,85.2%,and 83.4%,respectively.The fluorescence spectrum of mature compost in the 350 nm characteristic peak had more obvious red shift,and the fluorescence peak was obviously wider,and the 450 nm(Class FA peak) peak intensity increased.This indicated that the elements of DOM were strengthened and condensed.In Treatment Ⅲ,organic matter,total nitrogen,total phosphorus and total potassium reached 36.64%,2.2%,2.82%,and 1.52%,respectively,better than that of Treatment Ⅰ(30.14%,1.58%,1.02%,and 0.93%),and higher than the standard requirements of organic manure NY525-2002 of ≥10%,≥0.5%,≥0.3%,and ≥1.0%.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)项目(2005CB724203);; 国家“十一五”科技支撑计划项目(2006BAC06B04);; 农业科技成果转化资金项目(2006GB24420465 2007GB24420459 2008GB24420470);; 国家自然科学基金项目(50878201)
【CateGory Index】: X705
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