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《Research of Environmental Sciences》 2015-11
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Effects of Aged Chromium( Ⅵ) on Activities of Antioxidant Enzymes of Eisenia fetida

WANG Wanhua;CHEN Lihong;ZHANG Cong;WANG Xiaonan;ZHANG Rui;LIU Zhengtao;State Key Laboratory for Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment,Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences;College of Safety and Environmental Engineering,Capital University of Economics and Business;  
The effects of chromium( Cr( Ⅵ)) on activities of three antioxidant enzymes-superoxide dismutase( SOD),catalase( CAT)and peroxidase( POD)-in the earthworm Eisenia fetida were investigated with both freshly spiked and aged soils. The results showed that Cr( Ⅵ) caused significant effects on activities of three antioxidant enzymes at the low( 30 mg/kg),medium( 60 mg/kg) and high( 90mg/kg) concentrations on freshly spiked soils. The SOD and CAT activities( except the low concentration group in the 3rdday of exposure) decreased with the exposed dose of Cr( Ⅵ) in the first 14 d of exposure. The inhibition rates were about 60% with the treatments with high concentrations. The SOD and CAT activities were significantly enhanced,while POD activity was inhibited in the14-21 d of exposure. In the early days,CAT and POD activities were markedly elevated. However,after a longer exposure period,the activities were inhibited. On the other hand,the activity of SOD was not affected by the test on aged soils. The results indicated that soil aging leads to effects on the toxicity of Cr( Ⅵ),and it should be taken into consideration when toxicity tests of Cr( Ⅵ) are carried out.
【Fund】: 国家环境保护公益性行业科研专项(201109054)
【CateGory Index】: X174;X53
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