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《Environmental Science》 1986-05
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Studies on Soil-environmental Capacity

Collaborative Group on Soil-environmental Capacity  
This paper deals with soil-environmental capacity of haavy metals and oil in different zones of red earth, cihhamon soil and brown forest soil. Critical contents of heavy metals: Hg, Cd, As, Pb, Cr and oil in soils have been studied through investigation of current conditions of soil microorganisms, soil enzyme and quality of groundwater as well as surface water.On the basis of the critical contents in soils, mathematical models for heavy-metal material balance and for purification of oil in soil have been established by doing experiments in fields, labelled isotope, and purifying function of soils. In accordance with the models, soil-environmental capacity, soil-environmental criteria, irrigating water quality criteria and sludge utilization criteria applied to the six pollutants for the three zones have been proposed.
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