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《Environmental Science》 2006-03
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Effects of Traffic Pollution on Urban Soils and Plants

KANG Ling-fen~1,LI Feng-rui~(1),ZHANG Ai-sheng~1,TAN Jian-an~2,YANG Fa-wang~2,HEI Wen-long~2,LIU Jiang-bin~2(1.Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou 730000,China;2.Center Laboratory of Gansu province,Lanzhou 730050,China)  
Soil samples and plant samples(leaves of Sophora japonica L.) were collected from the main trunk roadsides and parks far away from main trunk road in Lanzhou City of northwest China to examine the effect of traffic pollution on variation of physico-chemical properties and heavy metal contents in soils and on variation of the contents of heavy metals,nitrogen and phosphorus in leaves of S.japonica in the two sites.The results show that:①soil samples from the roadsides are significantly higher in electric conductivity and organic carbon content but lower in pH compared with those from the parks;②soil samples from the roadsides have significantly higher contents of Zn、Cd、Hg、Pb、Cu、Cr and As than those from the parks,suggesting that traffic pollution results in a considerable accumulation of these elements in the roadside soils;③leaf samples from the roadsides have significantly higher contents of Zn、Cd、As、Hg、Pb、Ni、Co、Cr and N than those from the parks,again indicating that traffic pollution results in a considerable accumulation of these elements in leaves of S.japonica growing in the roadside soils.However,there are different responses of different elements in soils and leaves of S.japonica to the effects of traffic pollution.
【Fund】: 中国科学院“百人计划”项目(2000025);; 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所知识创新工程项目(2004121)
【CateGory Index】: X820
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