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《Environmental Science》 2007-01
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Extinguishment of Harmful Algae by Organo-Clay Modified by Gemini Surfactant

WU Ping~(1,2),YU Zhi-ming~1(1.Key Laboratory of Marine Ecology & Environmental Sciences,Institute of Oceanology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Qingdao 266071,China;2.College of Chemical Engineering,Shandong University of Technology,Zibo 255049,China)  
Systematic study of the sorption behavior of Gemini surfactant trialkyl-polyoxyethenyl quaternary ammonium compound(TPQAC) on kaolin and bentonite was carried out by UV-1100 spectrophotometer in order to verify the effectivity of TPQAC as the reagent for clay modification.The results show that the isotherms of its sorption can be described very well by the double-surface Langmuir isotherm,the rate of its sorption on kaolin and bentonite is very fast,it can reach equilibration in one or two minutes,and its saturate sorption amount is much enough to be used to modify clays.The eradicative effect of TPQAC on three kinds of algae was studied to find out its toxicity,it can be seen that at 2(mg/L) concentration it can perish algae in 24 h.The study of different organo-clay's algae removal ability show that their removal efficiency can reach 90% at the concentration of 20~30(mg/L,) and the best removal efficiency occurs at the proportion of 14 between clays and TPQAC.The toxicity of TPQAC and the influence of clays modified by it on Neomysis awatschensis were examined and the eco-effects of organo-clays were discussed to determine their mischief on mariculture animals. The LC_(50) of TPQAC to Neomysis awatschensis is(16.7)(mg/L,) its toxicity is 30 times lower than the conventional ones,and clays modified by this type of surfactant do not evidently influence the mariculture when they are used in removing red tide organisms.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展规划(973)项目(2001CB409710);; 青岛市自然科学基金项目(02-2-kj-yk-32);; 国家自然科学基金重点项目(50339040);; 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX3-SW-232)
【CateGory Index】: X55
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