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《Environmental Science》 2007-04
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Experimental Investigation of the Straw Pre-treatment to Enhance Its High Solid Anaerobic Digestion

JIANG Jian-guo,ZHAO Zhen-zhen,DU Xue-juan,SUI Ji-chao,WU Shi-yao(Department of Environmental Science and Engineering,Tsinghua University,Beijing 100084,China)  
The straw contains a high content of lignin,which cannot be well utilized by anaerobic bacteria in high solid anaerobic digestion process.This paper presents the experimental investigation of the straw pre-treatment,which aims to destroy the complex structure of the lignin to enhance its high solid anaerobic digestion.The straw is pre-treated in different solutions including NaOH,ammonia,H_2SO_4,and carbamide.The pre-treating effects are expressed by COD concentration dissolved in the solutions and the 14-day biogas generation in the enhanced aerogenic experiment.Different affecting factors,such as the concentration of the chemical solution,the species of the straw,the pre-treatment reaction time,the reaction temperature and the size of the straw,are investigated.The results show that NaOH solution is the most effective pre-treatment chemical among the four different solutions.The experimental results still indicate that the accumulative biogas production can be(1?500) mL(10 g straw) in 14 days after pre-treatment in 4(mg/L) NaOH solution and the dissolved COD in the solution reaches(39?000)(mg/L) after 24 hours.In addition,the experiment shows that the lignin content in the straw is reduced from 28% to 19% after pre-treatment in 1.5%(in weight) NaOH solution,and it can improve the straw treatment efficiency using high solid anaerobic digestion process.
【Fund】: 科技部SIF基金项目(Sino-ItalyFacilitates);; 科技部国际科技合作项目(2006DFB93580)
【CateGory Index】: X705
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