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《Environmental Science》 2008-07
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Heavy Metals in Environmental Media Around Drinking Water Conservation Area of Shanghai

SHI Gui-tao~1,CHEN Zhen-lou~1,ZHANG Cui~1,BI Chun-juan~1,CHENG Chen~1,TENG Ji-yan~2,SHEN Jun~1,WANG Dong-qi~1,XU Shi-yuan~1(1.Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science of Ministry of Education,East China Normal University,Shanghai 200062,China;2.Shanghai Chongming Dongtan National Nature Reserve,Shanghai 202183,China)  
The levels of heavy metals in Shanghai drinking water conservation area were determined,and the spatial distributions and main sources of heavy metals were investigated.Moreover,the ecological risk assessment of heavy metals was conducted.Some conclusions can be drawn as follows: ①The average concentrations of Cd,Hg,Pb,Cu,Zn,Ni,Cr and As in road dust were 0.80,0.23,148.45,127.52,380.57,63.17,250.38 and 10.37(mg·kg~(-1)) respectively.In terms of the pollution level,the values of soils were relatively lower,with the mean contents of 0.16(Cd),0.33(Hg),30.14(Pb),30.66(Cu),103.79(Zn),24.04(Ni),65.75(Cr) and 6.31(mg·kg~(-1))(As) severally;meanwhile the average levels of heavy metals in vegetables were 0.010(Cd),0.016(Hg),0.36(Pb),12.80(Cu),61.69(Zn),2.04(Ni), 2.41(Cr) and 0.039(mg·kg~(-1))(As) respectively.②Semivariogram and multivariate analysis indicated that heavy metals pollution of soils was induced by anthropogenic activities mostly,and the pollutants produced by traffic were the major source of heavy metals in road dust.③The order for heavy metal enrichment coefficients of vegetables was as following: Zn(0.589)Cu(0.412)0.102(Ni)Cd(0.059)Cr(0.061) Hg(0.056)Pb(0.012)As(0.007),and the results indicated that Cd and Zn in vegetables were mainly from the soils,and the other metals were probably from the pollutants in the atmosphere.④Sediments in drinking water conservation area were probably derived from soils around;however,there was no significant relationship between heavy metals contents of them.⑤The results of ecological risk assessment of heavy metals showed that heavy metals in soils were in no-warning to warning situation,and warning to light-warning situation for road dust and vegetables.The fuzzy synthesis judgment for all the environmental media around drinking water conservation area was warning to light-warning.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金重点项目(40730526);; 国家自然科学基金项目(40701164);; 上海市海洋局908专项项目(HAD1 HAD2);; 上海市环保局招标项目;; 中国博士后科学基金项目
【CateGory Index】: X52
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