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《Environmental Science》 2008-07
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Role of Irradiance on the Seasonality of Skeletonema costatum Cleve Blooms in the Coastal Area in East China Sea

SUN Bai-ye~(1,2),LIANG Sheng-kang~1,WANG Chang-you~1,WANG Xiao-bo~3,WANG Xiu-lin~1,LI Yan-bin~(1,2)(1.Key Laboratory of Marine Chemistry Theory and Technology,Ministry of Education,Ocean University of China,Qingdao 266100,China;2.College of Environment Science and Engineering,Ocean University of China,Qingdao 266100,China;3.Ningbo Marine Environment Monitoring Center,State Oceanic Administration,Ningbo 315040,China)  
With field culture experiments and model calculations,the role of light on why in both spring and summer Skeletonema costatum Cleve blooms can occur in the coastal area in East China Sea were studied.The results show that the growth optimal light intensity(I_(opt)) of(S.costatum) increases gradually to a maximum of 121.6(W·m~(-2)) with temperature(t) up to 25℃,and a rapid decline in I_(opt) accompanies further increases in t beyond 25℃.Such an asymmetric inverse Vshape I_(opt)-t curve can be well described by Blanchard's equation.By this equation,I_(opt) of each month was calculated based on monthly sea surface temperature,and though changes about 2 months later than light intensity above sea surface(I_0),I_(opt) is closely correlated with seasonal I_0 and transparency of sea water(R~2=0.907±0.115,p0.001),which indicates that S.costatum adapts to the seasonality of light in sea water in the coastal area by varying I_(opt) seasonally.Such an adaptive strategy leads to thick(about 6 m) light-optimal water layers for growth from early spring to late summer.The high adaptability to light and light optimum characteristics in sea water is one of the important reasons for S.costatum blooms in the both seasons in the coastal area in ECS.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展规划(973)项目(2001CB409703);; 青岛市科技发展项目(06-2-2-7-nsh);; 国际科技合作重点项目(2004DFA03600)
【CateGory Index】: X55
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