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《Environmental Science》 2009-02
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Unregulated Emissions from the Gasoline Vehicle

YOU Qiu-wen1,GE Yun-shan1,YOU Ke-wei2,WANG Jun-fang1,HE Chao1(1.National Laboratory of Auto Performance & Emission Test,Beijing Institute of Technology,Beijing 100081,China;2.China Automotive Technology & Research Center,Beijing 100070,China)  
Based on the emission test cycle of China National Regulation Stage Ⅲ,the aldehyde and alkone emissions and VOCs emissions of three typical gasoline cars were studied with HPLC and TD-GC/MS and the exhausted particulates number and mass concentration were researched using ELPI.The results indicate that the unregulated emissions of different cars is diverse changed,the brake specific emission of the carbonyls in three cars are 36.44,16.71 and 10.43 mg/km respectively and TVOC are 155.39,103.75 and 42.29 mg/km respectively.Formaldehyde,acetaldehyde,acrolein,acetone and cyclohexanone are the main compounds in gasoline cars exhaust,which accounted for 77.9%-89.7% of total carbonyl compounds.Aromatic hydrocarbons and alkane are the main part of VOCs,the detected number of which is occupied 31.6%-39.2% and 23.1%-27.9% of VOCs.Toluene,xylene and benzene have high concentration,which are occupied 16.68%,16.87% and 5.23% of TVOC in average.Ultra-fine particles(100 nm)dominate the particulates emission.Exhausted particulate number of high speeds is higher than that of slow and medium speeds.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(50576003)
【CateGory Index】: X511
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