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《Environmental Science》 2009-04
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Algae-Removal Effect of AS/PDM Composite Coagulants to Winter Taihu Lake Raw Water

ZHAO Xiao-lei,ZHANG Yue-jun,LI Xiao-xiao,LIU Cheng,ZHU Ling-ling(School of Chemical Engineering,Nanjing University of Science & Technology,Nanjing 210094,China)  
The series of stable AS/PDM composite coagulants prepared by polydimethyldiallylammonium chloride(PDM) and aluminium sulphate(AS) were used to research the algae-removal effect to winter Taihu Lake raw water.The effects of dosage of composite coagulants,composite mass ratios(20∶1-5∶1) of AS and PDM,intrinsic viscosity values(0.55-3.99(dL/g)) of PDM on algae-removal rates were studied through coagulation and algae-removal experiments.The feasibility of using composite coagulants to substitute prechlorination process was analysed.The results show that when residual turbidity of 2 NTU to water after coagulation and sediment is required by water plant,the dosage(based on Al_2O_3) of AS,AS/PDM(0.55/20∶1-3.99/5∶1) composite coagulants are 4.24(mg/L),3.96-1.87(mg/L),and the algae-removal rates are 83.00%,87.52%-90.93% respectively.When dosage to raw water are 4.24(mg/L),the algae-removal rates of AS,AS/PDM(0.55/20∶1-3.99/5∶1) composite coagulants are 83.00%,88.29%-97.66%,and the residual turbidities are 2.00 NTU,1.76-0.43 NTU respectively.When dosage to chlorine-added water are 4.50(mg/L),the treatment effect of AS/PDM(1.53/10∶1) composite coagulant to raw water is better than that of AS to chlorine-added water,and the treatment effect of AS/PDM(3.99/5∶1) composite coagulant to raw water is better than that of AS,AS/PDM(0.55/20∶1) and AS/PDM(1.53/10∶1) composite coagulants to chlorine-added water.So using AS/PDM composite coagulants can enhance evidently the treatment effect of AS to winter Taihu Lake raw water.Compared with using AS solely,the dosage of AS in composite coagulants are saved when the residual turbidities are required in same level,and the treatment effect of AS is enhanced when the dosage of AS in composite coagulants are same as that of using AS solely.Moreover,using composite coagulants can replace the part chlorine-added function on increasing coagulation and algae-removal in prechlorination process and profitably increases safety of drinking water quality.
【Fund】: 江苏省社会发展计划项目太湖专项项目(BS2007121);; “十五”国家科技攻关项目(2003BA327C)
【CateGory Index】: X703.5
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