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《Environmental Science》 2010-07
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Surface Water Quality Assessment in Miyun Reservoir Watershed,Beijing in the Period 1980-2003

ZHANG Wei-wei1,2,SUN Dan-feng1,LI Hong2,ZHOU Lian-di2 (1.College of Resources and Environmental Sciences,China Agricultural University,Beijing 100193,China;2.Institute of Comprehensive Research,Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences,Beijing 100097,China)  
Single factor water quality identification index was adopted to assess the surface water quality of Miyun reservoir watershed in Beijng using nearly 20 years monitoring data of 4 sites,also the surface water quality pollution sources were analyzed.The results indicated TP had the largest temporal variation at every monitoring site,coefficients of variation were 93.86%,86.08%,50.56% and 139.47%,respectively.The following element was Hg,the coefficients of its variation were 86.08%,25.75%,56.52% and 47.01%,respectively.While TN,permanganate index,BOD5,Pb and Cr were relatively stable with small coefficient of temporal variation.The permanganate index,BOD5,Pb and Cr did not exceed to the Chinese surface drinking water standard limit in the study period,while Hg had high pollution risk in several years,such as monitoring sites S1 and S3 in 1992,monitoring sites S4 in 1996.The major pollutants of Miyun reservoir watershed in Beijing were TN and TP,and TN had larger pollution risk compared with TP in most years.Comparing to that before the 1990s,the decade average fertilizer,pesticide and agricultural plastic mulch inputs after the 1990s had increased by 46%,173% and 359%,respectively.The husbandry proportion in agriculture rose from 24.4% to 39.8%,and the average gross industrial production by 424%.The upstream of Miyun reservoir had larger pollution risk than its downstream.In addition,Chaohe watershed contributed more TN and TP to the reservoir than Baihe watershed.
【Fund】: 国家科技支撑计划项目(2006BAB15B05 2006BAD10A06-03);; “十五”国家科技攻关计划项目(2004BA617B04);; 北京市财政局项目
【CateGory Index】: X824
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